Not all thyroid disorders are autoimmune diseases. For example, thyroid cancer is not an autoimmune disease. But also a condition of the pituitary gland can cause too much or too little thyroid hormone.
Other examples of autoimmune diseases are:
- pernicious anemia (a form of anemia)
- vitiligo (a skin condition where pigmentless spots occur)
- diabetes mellitus (diabetes)
- Addison’s disease (adrenal cortex disease)
- rheumatoid arthritis (joint inflammation).
Although autoimmune diseases often occur in combination, we can not say that one disease causes the other. The syndromes behave completely independently of each other. We do not know enough about the development of autoimmune diseases. As a result, doctors and scientists can not yet develop medicines that could stop the development at an early stage.
Autoimmune disorders can be detected in a number of cases, by detecting specific antibodies in the blood.